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Psychology and character of the new Member of the herd

The dog and its surroundings: us.
A basic aspect is that the dog is a pack animal. All Canids, no just exceptions, they live and work in society. Given that separate him from his mother and littermates, We introduce you in a different environment, where will his only companions be people, the dog moved their social behavior to your new “herd”. In fact, is this ability to adapt easily to live with people that makes the dog a very useful domestic animal. There are more predisposed than others dogs to live with people, but this is something that generally depends on the nature of the race to which belongs the dog, and in particular, own individual character of the dog and the treated. The dog will try to always adapt to the “standards” his new herd. However, This range of adaptation has a limit, so we must help ensure that it easy, giving a regular pace, and acting for with the taking into account a number of considerations that influence their coexistence with people, relating to the character of the dog, his level of intelligence, understand their behavior and why it acts as it does, and understand what our dog we want to communicate (the US already understand us).  
Character.
There are a few nests in all herd. The dog has to have them very clear to feel at home. I.e., you need to know who is above him (and you can give orders) and below. In order to avoid problems, It must be made very clear that people live with which are above the. But how to accept the authority of the master, It is in relationship with the character and the personality of the dog. In a quiet and docile nature dog, This presents no major problems. But if we choose a dominant dog, you have to show you from puppy who is charge, so obey for taste and respect, not by force. If the dog note lack of character in their owners, reluctance to punish him when misbehaving or not to obey orders, or even lack of interest (left field at your own pace without imposing restrictions), the dog associated with all this to a “power vacuum”. Instinctively he will try to fill it, since someone has to lead the herd, and who better than him, If you think that it is the strongest?. Of course, It is not act tyrannically or apply disproportionate punishments (This confuses the dog and long eye! they are very sensitive to be treated unfairly, and will revolt). If you have a doberman, for example, and the animal shows that his master is severe but fair, respect the hierarchy because it feels comfortable to be “directed” by someone who knows “more strong” which it, and never give problems. Some rules that you should follow:
  • From puppy (especially when is puppy!), When playing “to fight” No must allow you that turns over. It is a position of dominance, and you try to reach it to know what to expect. Very well, as explained you: as soon as it is over, firmly, We miss you to the ground, puts belly up and stalls him a few moments.
  • Toys are her left hand, It will be yours. If you try to catch anything that has not been given, removed unceremoniously.
  • If you want to make pampering, to win them is. I.e., If you want to pet him because Yes, gives any order (Sit down, come here, …) and when complies it, all the strokes that you desire is make you (This step serves to educate you).
  • A privilege of the head of the herd (among Canids) It is that you can touch to any other Member of the group when he wants. Touch him once in a while, making lie and caressing all over the body, included belly (belly up is sign of submission). Of course, not be allowed to him that he touch you whenever want you it.
  • You must use “the carrot and the stick” with justice, premiandole when it is due and castigandole in some way when it does not obey. In fact, you have to do to obey whether or not you want. So you know who gives the orders, and touch to it obey. Of course, It is so bad to punish him without reason as not praise or with a simple touch when he wins it.
  • Normally, lives more than one person with the dog. The dog will also notice the existence of an implied hierarchy, and try not to confuse you. For example, Suppose that it is a couple with two children, more dog. A couple of examples:
    • One of the children misbehaving to the dog. The dog will know (they understand more than what it seems). It has to be seen than the other “Puppy” also receives his punishment. Otherwise you will feel aggrieved.
    • If the dog assumes that the father is the “Chief” (detects that there is a “dominant male”, that is normal among their peers), If the mother has to hit a anger the father for the reason that is, It is better that the dog cannot see him. Otherwise, it assumes that one can question the range, and as an adult, hence their chances of “ascent” in the hierarchy.
When you purchase a puppy, and whenever you can choose, It is convenient to pass a test of character candidates. Remember that, in principle, the dog is going to happen to you between 10 and 20 years, so there is to make sure that the character that is compatible with yours, the type of life that will have…  
 
A dog behaves according to its instinct, According to their intelligence, and according to the treatment that we give and the education that you receive. In general, to behave according to the master, so the dog behaves (and many times they behave like). When we see behavior that cannot be explained by received education, It tends to be based on the factors of social instinct, character, and intelligence of the dog. Anyway, Remember that most of the problems have their origin in a wrong education so that it is appropriate first to seek the explanation in this sense. dogs who live in the city they tend to have more behavior problems, Since the environment is much alien to your nature. Dogs who live in the countryside do not tend to have many behavioral problems, There “work”, they have more freedom of movement, and your environment is most appropriate for them.
Communication.
They understand dogs. The ability to understand dogs varies according to their level of intelligence, but in all cases they are able to understand us in three different ways:
  • spoken language (verbal orders and words that are not orders).
  • gestures (gestural commands).
  • our unconscious body language.
Depending on your level of intelligence they are capable of learning more or less words and gestures that correspond to explicit orders (“come here”, “Sit down”…). He who obeys or not now depends on her willingness to collaborate, but it is true that understand, they understand perfectly. There are differences according to races: some only understand half a dozen orders and are unable to learn more, and others can learn and distinguish more than one hundred (including words that we have not taught them expressly, but that observation and deduction they have learned what they mean). This concerns both the given through gestures and verbal orders. In terms of our unconscious body language, they are extremely sensitive (even more than people). Our gestures vary depending on our moods and emotions, and perfectly capture it the dogs, respond to this. And us, We understand them?. Dogs, In addition to the ability to comprehend language, as social animals, they also need the ability to express themselves. They also do it through vocalizations, gestures, and body language. A dog, to communicate, You can do this in three aspects:
  • communicate your emotional state.
  • express your wishes and needs.
  • social relations (leadership, range, territory marking).
It is not good to ignore your expressions, Since we can get much information from them. The shades of meaning that can express are varied, and it is important to understand beyond that “If it growls is angry and if it wags its tail it is happy”, and to think that that is sufficient.
Let us remember that the dog is one of the family and is good to listen to him when he has something to say.